Heritage Crafts

Timber framing

The construction and repair of timber frames and framed buildings often, but not exclusively, in green oak.
Currently viable
Craft category
Origin in the UK


Timber framing has been used in architecture for thousands of years (dating back to Neolithic times). It was notably developed into a staple of mediaeval and early modern architectural style in the UK, Denmark and in Germany. In the UK it is sometimes referred to as a ‘Tudor’ style. The style saw its revival in the 1970s.


Creating housing structures with heavy timbers, using squared off, fitted and joint timbers securing joints by wooden pegs historically and later using mortise and tenon joints. The exposed structural frame of timber on the facade of the building is referred to as half-timbered. Beams are secured to prevent movement and racking using diagonal bracing.


  • Hand hewing

Support organisations

Craftspeople currently known

National Lottery Heritage Fund
Swire Charitable Trust
The Royal Mint
Pilgrim Trust
Maxwell/Hanrahan Foundation
William Grant Foundation

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